1. Information and Disclaimer
1.1 Financial services are provided by Supreme Option Ltd (“ www.supremeopt.com ”). This Product Disclosure Statement (“PDS”) has been prepared to help you decide whether margin FX are appropriate for your financial objectives, situation and needs. It has not been prepared to take into consideration your current financial needs or objectives. This PDS does not constitute a recommendation, advice or opinion. It is general information only.
1.2 Supreme Option Ltd is operating business in United Kingdom under the registration number 24165
1.3 Transactions involving Margin FX are highly leveraged and involve many risks. Supreme Option Ltd recommends that before trading begins that you understand and accept these risks.
1.4 Supreme Option Ltd also recommends that you seek independent advice to ensure this is appropriate for your financial objectives, needs and circumstances.
1.5 This Product Disclosure Statement is dated Dec 2017.
2. Purpose and Contents of this Product Disclosure Statement (“PDS”)
2.1 This PDS is designed to provide you with important information regarding margin foreign exchange transactions we utilize in the provision of our services, including the following information:
• Who we are
• How you can contact us
• Which products we are authorised to offer
• Key features/risk/benefits of these products
• Applicable fees and charges for these products
• Any (potential) conflicts of interest we may have; and
• Our internal and external dispute resolution process.
2.2 The provision of this PDS to any person does not constitute an offer to any person of any interests to whom it would not be lawful to make such an offer. This PDS is a disclosure document prepared in accordance with Estonian laws. This PDS has not been lodged nor it is required to be lodged with the Estonian Securities and Investments Commission. The information in the PDS is subject to change from time to time and changes to content that are not materially adverse will be posted on our website at: www.supremeopt.com.
2.3 If you would like further information, please ask us. Further detail about our services is available on our website – www.supremeopt.com.
3. Name of Service Provider
3.1 The Service Provider is Supreme Option Ltd, registration No. 24165 (“www.supremeopt.com”) Supreme Option Ltd No. 6 Norfolk Place, Paddington London, W2 1QN Phone: +44(0)2077064715
4.1 If you wish to apply for a Margin FX account you must complete and return the Supreme Option Ltd application form agreeing to the information held in this PDS. Where this PDS is made available on the internet, you must print a copy of the application form and complete and return it or complete the online form agreeing to the information held in this PDS.
5. Other Jurisdictions
5.1 The offer to which this PDS relates is available only to persons receiving the PDS in St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The distribution of this PDS in jurisdictions outside St. Vincent and the Grenadines may be subject to legal restrictions. Any person who resides outside St. Vincent and the Grenadines who gains access to this PDS should comply with any such restrictions as failure to do so may constitute a violation of financial services laws.
6. Products covered in this PDS
6.1 This is a PDS for derivatives and foreign exchange products provided by Supreme Option Ltd. These are over the counter (“OTC”) contracts. Foreign exchange is essentially exchanging one currency for another. The exchange rate is the price of one currency in terms of another currency such as the price of the Euro (“EUR”) in terms of the United States dollar (“USD”). For example, if the current exchange rate for the EUR as against the USD is EUR/USD 0.70000, this means that one EUR dollar is equal to, or can be exchanged for, 0.70000 USD or 70 US cents.
6.2 Supreme Option Ltd products do not result in the physical delivery of the currency, including some products which are deemed to be foreign exchange contracts. All the FX products are cash adjusted or Closed Out by the client i.e. there is not a physical exchange of one currency for another.
7. What is a Margin FX Transaction?
7.1 Margin FX transactions are over-the-counter (“OTC”) derivatives. “Foreign exchange” generally refers to trading in foreign exchange products (currency) in the spot (cash) markets. Margin foreign exchange products can be differentiated from foreign currency as they allow the investor an opportunity to trade foreign exchange on a margined basis as opposed to paying for the full value of the currency. In other words, investors are required to lodge funds as security (initial margins) and to cover all net debit adverse market movement (variation margins) i.e. positions are monitored on a mark-to-market basis to account for any market movements. When clients are making a loss to an extent that they no longer meet the margin requirements they are required to “top up” their accounts or to “close out” their position. Foreign exchange is essentially about exchanging one currency for another at an agreed rate. Accordingly, in every exchange rate quotation, there are two currencies. The exchange rate is the price of one currency (the “base” currency) in terms of another currency (the “terms” currency) such as the price of the Australian dollar in terms of the US dollar. For example, if the current exchange rate for the Australian dollar as against the US dollar is EUR/USD 0.70000, this means that one Australian dollar is equal to, or can be exchanged for, 70 US cents.
8. How is the Exchange Rate Calculated?
8.1 Supreme Option Ltd cannot predict future Exchange Rates and our quotations are not a forecast of where we believe a FX rate will be at a future date. The decision to transact at an Exchange Rate will generally be the client’s decision. However, for example, Supreme Option Ltd May Close Out a client’s open position if the client fails to meet their Margin Requirements. In this situation, the decision to transact at an Exchange Rate would be at Supreme Option Ltd discretion. The price to be paid or received for FX products offered by Supreme Option Ltd, at the time the product is purchased or sold, will be based on the price Supreme Option is quoted from its hedging counter parties which is a complex calculation based on estimates of market prices and the expected level of interest rates, implied volatilities and other market conditions during the life of the FX product and is based on a complex arithmetic calculation. Every transaction entered with a client is hedged with a counter party. Supreme Option Ltd does not provide a market amongst or between clients for investments or speculations.
9. Calculating Profit and Loss
9.1 The profit or loss from a transaction is calculated by keeping the units of one of the currencies constant (the “base” currency) and determining the difference in the number of units of the other currency (the “terms” currency). The profit or loss will be expressed in the units of the currency which is not kept constant.
10. Purpose of Margin FX
10.1 People who trade in Margin FX may do so for a variety of reasons. Some trade for:
10.1.1 Speculation: Speculating is profiting from fluctuations in the price or value of the underlying instrument or security. For example, Margin FX traders may be short-term investors who are looking to profit from intra-day and overnight market movements in the underlying currency. Margin FX traders may have no need to sell or purchase the underlying currency themselves, but may instead be looking to profit from market movements in the currency concerned.
10.1.2 Hedging: Some people hedge their exposures to the underlying currency. Foreign exchange exposures may arise from many different activities such as:
• Companies or individuals, that are dependent on overseas trade, are exposed to currency risk. This can be to purchase (or sell) physical commodities (such as machinery) or even financial products (such as investing in securities listed on an international stock exchange).
• An exporter who sells its product priced in foreign currency has the risk that if the value of that foreign currency falls then the revenues in the exporter’s home currency will be lower.
• An importer who buys goods priced in foreign currency has the risk that the foreign currency will appreciate thereby making the cost, in local currency terms, greater than expected.
• A person going on a holiday to another country has the risk that if that country’s currency appreciates against their own, their trip will be more expensive. In each of the above examples, the person or the company is exposed to currency risk.
10.2 Currency risk is the risk that arises from international business which may be adversely affected by fluctuations in exchange rates. Supreme Option Ltd offers its clients the facility to buy or sell foreign exchange products to manage this risk. This enables clients to protect themselves against adverse currency swings, yet secure enhanced exchange rates when offered, thereby protecting the profit margin made by the corporate during the business transaction relating to the foreign currency trade or protecting the cost of the client’s international holiday in the case of the traveler.
11. Key Benefits of trading in FX products
11.1 FX products provide important risk management tools for those who manage foreign currency exposures. Supreme Option Ltd offers its clients the ability to buy and sell foreign currency using Margin FX. This enables clients to protect themselves against adverse currency market swings. The significant benefits of using FX products offered by Supreme Option Ltd as a risk management tool are to protect your exchange rate and provide cash flow certainty. These and other benefits are as follows:
11.2 Protect an Exchange Rate
Supreme Option Ltd provides an online trading platform, enabling clients to trade in OTC derivatives such as Margin FX over the internet. This facility provides clients with direct access to our system to enable them to buy and sell currency rates to protect themselves against adverse market swings. Supreme Option Ltd also offers clients a way of managing volatility by using stop loss orders that enable clients to protect themselves against adverse market swings yet secure enhanced market rates when offered. Clients can reduce downside risk using stop loss orders if the exchange rate reaches a level. In addition, clients may also use limit orders which allow clients the opportunity to benefit from favorable upside market movements.
11.3 Provide cash flow certainty
By agreeing a rate now for a time in the future you will determine the exact cost of that currency, thereby giving certainty over the flow of funds. Any profit (or loss) you make using the Supreme Option Ltd product would be offset against the higher (or lower) price you physically must pay for the foreign currency.
In addition to using margin foreign exchange products as a risk management tool, clients can benefit by using margin foreign exchange products offered by Supreme Option Ltd to speculate on changing exchange rate movements. You may take a view of a market or the markets in general and therefore invest in our products according to this belief in anticipation of making a profit.
The significant benefits of using margin foreign exchange products offered by Supreme Option as a trader or a speculator (and for the client seeking to use the Supreme Option Ltd product as a risk management tool) are as follows:
11.4 Trade in small amounts
The Supreme Option Ltd system enables you to make transactions in small amounts. You can start using Supreme Option Ltd even with an opening balance as little as EUR $1,000 or Equivalent. When trading in a Margin FX contract offered by Supreme Option Ltd you may deposit the sum that suits you, or the amount which is in line with the amount you are willing to risk. With Supreme Option you are in full control of your funds. Supreme Option Ltd allows trading with as little as $1 margin requirements.
11.5 Access to the foreign exchange markets at any time
When using Supreme Option Ltd, you gain access to a highly advanced and multi-leveled system which is active and provides you with the opportunity to trade 24 hours a day, 5 days per week on any global market which is open for trading. This gives you a unique opportunity to react instantly to breaking news that is affecting the markets. It should be noted however, that trading in the various currency crosses may be restricted to hours where liquidity is available for any given currency cross.
11.6 Profit potential in falling markets
Since the market is constantly moving, there are always trading opportunities, whether a currency is strengthening or weakening in relation to another currency. When you trade currencies, they literally work against each other. If the EURUSD declines, for example, it is because the US dollar gets stronger against the Euro and vice versa. So, if you think the EURUSD will decline (that is, that the Euro will weaken versus the dollar), you would sell EUR now and then later you buy Euro back at a lower price and take your profits. The opposite trading scenario would occur if the EURUSD appreciates.
11.7 Superior liquidity
The foreign exchange market is so liquid that there are always buyers and sellers to trade with. The liquidity of this market, particularly with respect to that of the major currencies, helps ensure price stability and low spreads. The liquidity comes mainly from large and smaller banks that provide liquidity to investors, companies, institutions and other currency market players. 11.8 Real time streaming quotes
The Supreme Option Ltd high-edge system uses the latest highly sophisticated technologies to offer you up-to- the-minute quotes. You may check your accounts and positions in real time and you may do so 24 hours a day on any global market which is open for trading and make a trade based on real-time information. Supreme Option Ltd believes it is highly important for you to be able to control your funds whenever you wish and base your deals on real-time information.
12. Key Risks of Margin FX transactions
12.1 You should be aware that trading in Margin FX products involves several risks. It is important that you carefully consider whether trading these products is appropriate for you considering your investment objectives, financial situation and needs. The following is a description of the significant risks associated with trading Margin FX products:
12.2 Derivatives Risks Generally
Derivative markets can be highly volatile. Accordingly, the risk of loss in trading in derivatives contracts can be substantial. You should carefully consider whether our products are appropriate for you considering your personal and financial circumstances. In deciding whether you will become involved in trading derivatives, you should be aware of the following matters:
a. You could sustain a total loss of the amount that you deposit with Supreme Option Ltd to establish or maintain a contract.
b. If the derivatives market moves against your position, you will be required to immediately deposit additional funds as additional margin to maintain your position i.e. to “top up” your account. Those additional funds may be substantial. If you fail to provide those additional funds, Supreme Option Ltd may close your positions. You will also be liable for any shortfall resulting from that closure.
c. Under certain market conditions, it could become difficult or impossible for you to manage the risk of open positions by entering into opposite positions in another contract or close existing positions.
d. Under certain market conditions the prices of contracts may not maintain their usual relationship with the underlying foreign currency market.
e. The Margin FX products offered by Supreme Option Ltd involve risk. However, the placing of contingent orders such as a stop loss order will potentially limit your loss. A stop-loss order shall be executed at the next available market price and is not guaranteed at the exact level requested by a client. Accordingly, stop-loss orders may not limit your losses to the exact amounts specified.
f. A “spread” position (i.e. the holding of a bought contract for one specified date and a sold contract for another specified date) is not necessarily less risky than a simple “long” (i.e. bought) or “short” (i.e. sold) position. Furthermore a “spread” may be larger at the time you close out the position than it was at the time you opened it.
g. A high degree of leverage is obtainable in trading Margin FX products because of the small margin requirements which can work against you as well as for you. The use of leverage can lead to large losses as well as large gains. The impact of leverage is that even a slight fluctuation in the market could mean substantial gains when these fluctuations are in your favour, but that could also mean considerable losses if the fluctuations are to your detriment.
h. Because of high volatility, low liquidity or gapping in the underlying market, clients may receive re- quotes, slippage or hanging orders. Hanging orders are often already executed, but sit in the terminal window until they can be confirmed.
I. Changes in taxation and other laws, government, fiscal, monetary and regulatory policies may have a material adverse effect on your dealings in Margin FX.
j. There are no cooling-off arrangements for Margin FX. This means that when Supreme Option Ltd arranges for the execution of a Margin FX contract, you do not have the right to return the product, nor request a refund of the money paid to acquire the product.
12.3 Market Volatility
Foreign exchange currency markets are subject to many influences which may result in rapid currency fluctuations and reflect unforeseen events or changes in conditions with the inevitable consequence being market volatility.
Given the potential levels of volatility in the foreign exchange markets, it is therefore recommended that you closely monitor your positions with Supreme Option Ltd always. Foreign Exchange currency markets are highly volatile and are very difficult to predict. Due to such volatility, in addition to the spread that Supreme Option adds to all calculations and quotes, no such Margin FX product offered by Supreme Option, or any other financial services provider, may be considered as a safe trade.
12.4 System Risk
Operational risks in relation to the Supreme Option Ltd Trading Platforms are inherent in every FX Contract. For example, disruptions in Supreme Option’s operational processes such as communications, computers, computer networks, software or external events may lead to delays in the execution and settlement of a transaction.
Clients receiving a disruption to the Trading Platforms must call the trading desk to open\close positions. In the event a disruption occurs on the Supreme Option Ltd side, you may be unable to trade in a FX offered by Supreme Option and you may suffer a financial loss or opportunity loss as a result.
Supreme Option Ltd does not accept or bear any liability whatsoever in relation to the operation of the Supreme Option Ltd Trading Platforms.
12.5 Execution Risk – Slippage
Supreme Option Ltd aims to provide you with the best pricing available and to get all orders filled at the requested rate. However, there are times when, due to an increase in volatility or volume, orders may be subject to what is referred to as “slippage”. This most commonly occurs during fundamental news events or gapping in the markets. The volatility in the market may create conditions where orders are difficult to execute, since the price might be many pips away due to the extreme market movement or Gapping. Execution is subject to available liquidity at all price levels. Although you may be looking to execute at a certain price, the market may have moved significantly or liquidity exhausted, in which instance your order would be filled at the next best price or the fair market value.
12.6 Execution Risk – Delays in Execution
A delay in execution may occur for various reasons, such as technical issues with your internet connection to the Supreme Option Ltd servers, which may result in hanging orders. The Trading Platforms on your computer may not be maintaining a constant connection with the Supreme Option Ltd servers due to a lack of signal strength from a wireless or dial up connection. A disturbance in the connection path can sometimes interrupt the signal, and disable the Trading Platforms, causing delays in transmission of data between your Trading Platform and Supreme Option servers.
12.7 Reset Orders
Market volatility creates conditions that make it difficult to execute orders at the given price due to an extremely high volume of orders and/or available liquidity and therefore may be reset. By the time orders can be executed, the Bid/Offer price at which Supreme Option Ltd counterparty is willing to take a position may be several pips away. For Limit Entry or Limit Orders, the order would be rejected and reset until the order can be filled.
12.8 Hanging Orders
During periods of high volume, hanging orders may occur. This is a condition where an order sits in the “orders” window after it has been executed. Generally, the order has been executed, but it is simply taking a few moments for it to be confirmed. During periods of heavy trading volume, it is possible that a queue of orders will form. That increase in incoming orders may sometimes create conditions where there is a delay in confirming certain orders.
The ability to hedge allows you to hold both buy and sell positions in the same product simultaneously. You could enter the market without choosing a direction. While the ability to hedge is an appealing feature, you should be aware of the factors that may affect hedged positions. It is important to note that even a fully hedged account may suffer losses due to rollover costs, exchange rate fluctuations or widening spreads. Such losses may even trigger a Margin Call.
12.10 Automated Trading Strategies
The use of Automated Trading Strategies (Expert Advisors) on the Supreme Option Ltd Trading Platforms is high risk. Supreme Option Ltd has no control over the logic or code used by these systems to determine orders to trade. Trading with any system that you leave to run and trade your account without being present may cause significant financial loss and Supreme Option Ltd does not accept or bear any liability whatsoever in relation to the operation of the Automated Strategies on the Supreme Option Ltd Trading Platforms.
12.11 Execution Risk – Rollover
All the positions which remain open until 23:59 (Server time) will be subject to rollover. The positions will be rolled over by debiting or crediting the client’s trading account with the amount calculated in accordance with the Rollover/Interest fees. During the rollover period trading will be disabled to prevent widened spreads caused by the “end of day” in New York. This can last for 5 to 10 minutes and you will not be able to trade at this time. You may suffer financial loss or gain as a result. Supreme Option Ltd does not accept or bear any liability whatsoever in relation to the rollover period.
12.12 Stop orders and limit orders are not guaranteed
The placing of a stop order can potentially limit your loss; however, we do not guarantee that a stop order will do so. Similarly, a limit order can maximise your profit but there is also no guarantee of this. This is because, for example, foreign exchange markets can be volatile and unforeseeable events can occur which mean that it is possible that stop orders and limit orders may not be accepted, or may be accepted at a price different to that specified by you. You should anticipate being stopped out at or limited at a price worse than the price you set. You may suffer losses as a result.
13. Margin Obligations
13.1 Margin FX are subject to margin obligations i.e. clients must deposit funds for security/margining purposes. Accordingly, you are responsible to meet all margin payments required by Supreme Option Ltd.
13.2 Types of Margin
There are two components of the Margin Requirement which you may be required to pay relating to Margin FX, namely Initial Margin and Variation Margin.
13.3 Initial Margin
When you enter or open a Margin FX Contract, and while that transaction remains open, you will be required to pay Supreme Option Ltd the Initial Margin. This amount represents collateral for your exposure under the transaction and covers the risk to Supreme Option Ltd. Depending on the Currency Pair traded, and the market volatility, the Initial Margin will typically be between 1% and 10% of the face value of the Margin FX Contract. However, it is not uncommon for Initial Margins to be above this range. The percentage requirement may change at any time and at the discretion of Supreme Option Ltd and you should refer to the Initial Margin schedule on the relevant Trading Platform to confirm the actual percentage requirement for your proposed transaction at any time. The full value of the Initial Margin is payable to Supreme Option Ltd immediately upon entering the Margin FX Contract.
13.4 Variation Margin
As the face value of your Margin FX will constantly change due to changing market conditions, the amount required to maintain the open positions will also constantly change. This is also commonly referred to as Variation Margin. The amount of your Margin Requirements (being the Initial Margin and any adverse Variation Margin) at any one time will be displayed in on the open positions report made available through the Trading Platform. Thus, any adverse price movements in the market must be covered by further payments from you. Supreme Option Ltd will also credit Variation Margin to you when a position moves in your favor. The Variation Margin is therefore the unrealized profit or loss on your open positions which is equal to the dollar value movement of your Margin FX calculated from the Exchange Rate at which you entered the Margin FX Contract compared against the current market value. We will provide you with notice of the Variation Margin by making a Margin Call via online platform. We note that Margin Calls are made on a net account basis i.e. should you have several open positions with respect to a Trading Platform, then Margin Calls are netted across the group of open positions. In other words, the unrealised profits of one transaction can be used or applied as Initial Margin or Variation Margin for another transaction.
13.5 Notifications regarding Margin Requirements Margin Calls will be notified to you using the Trading Platform, and you are required to log into the system regularly when you have open positions to ensure you receive notification of any Margin Calls. It is your responsibility to actively monitor and manage your open positions and your obligations, including ensuring that you meet your Margin Requirements. It is also your responsibility to ensure you are aware of any changes in the Margin Requirements. Supreme Option Ltd is under no obligation to contact you in the event of any change to the Margin Requirements or any actual or potential shortfalls in your account.
13.6 Failing to meet a Margin Call
If you do not meet Margin Calls immediately, some or all your positions may be Closed Out by Supreme Option Ltd without further reference to you. Supreme Option Ltd will automatically, without requiring further instruction from you, apply funds to meet your Margin Requirements. For this reason, you must ensure that you have sufficient cleared funds on deposit to meet your changing Margin Requirements i.e. monies in addition to meeting the Margin Requirements as a buffer against adverse Variation Margins arising. Please be aware that if your account balance is not sufficient to meet your Margin Requirements and you have not met a Margin Call, the Trading Platform May Close Out some or all your open positions at the risk of a generating a loss which is greater than the value of your account. Please note that this could be immediate if certain global events occur.
If you fail to meet any Margin Call, then Supreme Option Ltd may in its absolute discretion and without creating an obligation to do so, Close Out, without notice, all or some of your open positions and deduct the resulting realised loss from the Initial Margin value (and any other excess funds held in your account with Supreme Option Ltd). Any losses resulting from Supreme Option Ltd Closing Out your position will be debited to your account and may require you to provide additional funds to Supreme Option Ltd.
13.7 How Margin Calls are to be met
When we make a Margin Call you must deposit the amount of funds that we request into our nominated account. All funds received from clients are held, used and withdrawn in accordance with the Corporations Act requirements and our Client Services Agreement. All interest that may accrue on the client trust account is kept by Supreme Option Ltd. Margin Calls must be met immediately. This means that sufficient cleared funds must be deposited in your account in addition to meeting the Margin Requirements as a buffer against adverse Variation Margins arising and thus, meeting Margin Calls immediately.
14. Regulatory Guide 227
14.1 This guide sets out seven disclosure benchmarks that issuers of margined Forex must address.
14.2 Benchmark 1 – Client Qualification
Trading margined Forex may not be suitable to all investors as the financial product can be of high risk. Investors that choose to trade margined Forex with Supreme Option Ltd must be aware of the risks involved and Supreme Option Ltd is required to ensure a minimum level of understanding before providing an account.
To qualify that a potential client does understand the nature and risks of margined forex, Supreme Option Ltd requires a client meet one of the following criteria:
1. The client completes an online test and within three attempts scores higher than 60%, or;
2. The client provides evidence of previous forex trading experience. A trading statement with at least 50 trades in the last year would be deemed sufficient, or;
3. The client provides evidence of completion of a trading course.
14.3 Benchmark 2 – Opening Collateral
Supreme Option Ltd only accepts Cash or Cash Equivalent for the opening of a trading account. No other opening collateral (such as securities or real estate) are accepted. Supreme Option Ltd attempts to limit the use of Credit Cards used to fund a trading account but notes that with the advent of Visa and Mastercard Debit Cards it is not possible to distinguish between a Debit or Credit Card and therefore Supreme Option Ltd will not adopt the Opening Collateral Benchmark as it would impede the ability for clients to use Debit Cards.
14.4 Counterparty Risk – Hedging
Supreme Option Ltd maintains strict management over its counter party risk and use of hedging. Hedging is the practice of offsetting counter party risk. To hedge risk Supreme Option Ltd enters back-to-back hedges with Prime Brokerage(s). To make these hedges Supreme Option Ltd holds margin with prime brokerages. This creates an element of risk to investors as Supreme Option Ltd is exposed to this counter party. Supreme Option Ltd Prime Brokerages may change from time to time to ensure that customers receive the best Bid and Ask price available. It is important to note that Supreme Option Ltd hedging practice may not eliminate risk to investors.
14.5 Counterparty Risk – Financial Resources
As an issuer of OTC derivatives Supreme Option Ltd complies with the financial requirement of licence holders set out in RG166. The goal of these requirements is to ensure that Supreme Option Ltd meets a minimum level of financial resource to conduct business and meet any liabilities as and when they may arise. Supreme Option Ltd monitors exposure daily using real-time software tools and prepares detailed weekly financial reports that ensure the requirements set out in RG166 for Adjusted Surplus Liquid Funds (ASLF) are met.
14.6 Benchmark 5 – Client Money to trade a financial product offered by Supreme Option Ltd a client must deposit funds with Supreme Option Ltd.
These rules dictate the way in which Supreme Option Ltd must deal with client money. Supreme Option Ltd accounts hold Client Money separately from money belonging to the business. Supreme Option Ltd does not use Client Money for any business purpose. Client Money is solely used to maintain margin that is needed to cover positions opened by clients.
One of the risks of holding Client Funds in segregated accounts is that market movements may cause a client’s account may go into negative equity and Supreme Option Ltd may be unable to redeem these funds, thus creating a deficit in the other client’s money. To reduce this risk Supreme Option Ltd runs an Automated Margin Stop Out System designed to prevent any client from falling into a negative balance. Additionally, Supreme Option Ltd brings these negative balances onto our own balance sheet as a cost of business.
All client cash transactions are reconciled daily and double reconciled weekly. Money is only withdrawn from the client account to:
a) Process a withdrawal for a client
b) Transfer margin to a Prime Brokerage
c) Withdraw fees charged as part of a deposit or withdrawal transaction
Withdrawals from any client bank account require a two-stage authentication whereby management must authorise any bank withdrawal.
14.7 Benchmark 6 – Suspended or Halted Underlying Assets
Supreme Option Ltd offers trading on margined foreign exchange and metals. Neither asset classes can be suspended or halted from a centralised exchange nor so does Supreme Option Ltd not comply with Benchmark 6.
14.8 Benchmark 7 – Margin Calls
Supreme Option Ltd operates a Margin Call and Margin Stop Out systems designed to prevent clients from entering negative balances on their trading accounts. The system is automated and will monitor every client account while the forex markets are open. Margin is monitored as a percentage and calculated as follows: Equity / Margin = Margin Percentage Each trading platform offers a different Margin Call and Stop Out system. Metatrader 4 With Metatrader 4 should the Margin Percentage fall below 90% it will automatically trigger a Margin Call. A Margin call is displayed to clients in two ways:
a) The trading platform will indicate the margin call by sending an internal email to the client’s trading platform software and providing an audible announcement of the mail’s arrival.
b) The area of the trading platform that displays the clients’ balance and equity will flash red. Should the Margin Percentage fall below 20% the trading platform will automatically trigger a Margin Stop Out. This will begin to close open positions until the Margin Percentage rises above 20% again.
- How Supreme Option Ltd Products are traded
15.1 When trading the FX products offered by Supreme Option Ltd you should be aware of the risks and benefits and review examples of how Supreme Option Ltd products can be traded. Clients primarily transact in our products using online Trading Platforms provided by Supreme Option Ltd. Accordingly, clients are provided with direct access to our quoted prices over the internet.
- Electronic Trading Platform
16.1 Supreme Option Ltd provides access to margin FX trading via an online trading platform created by MetaQuotes called MetaTrader. The current version is version 4.0. We recommend that prior to engaging in live trading you open a “demo” account and conduct simulated trading. This enables you to become familiar with the Trading Platform attributes. Supreme Option Ltd has outsourced the operation of its Trading Platform to MetaQuotes – www.metaquotes.net and in doing so has relied upon these third parties to ensure the relevant systems and procedures are regularly updated and maintained. Please visit www.metaquotes.net for relevant information on how use the online platform.
- Trading Hours
17.1 From Monday to Friday, Supreme Option Ltd operates between 9am and 5pm AEST with the Trading Platforms opening on Monday at 5.00am Sydney AEST and closing at 5.00pm New York (EST) time Friday (8.00am Saturday Sydney AEST). This means that you can view live prices and place live orders during these hours. Outside these hours, you may still access the Trading Platforms and view your account, Market Information, research and our other services. However, there will not be any live prices or trading. It is at the sole discretion of Supreme Option Ltd to provide services to you outside these hours.
- Client Money
18.1 As all trades are passed directly to our liquidity provider funds may be deposited with the provider to maintain margin for open positions and future dealings.
18.2 It is possible that this hedging counterparty may become insolvent whilst controlling your money. It is also possible that another of Supreme Option Ltd clients might go into deficit. Therefore, any funds you may have paid to Supreme Option Ltd may not be protected if there is a default in the overall client trust account balance. If this occurred, Supreme Option Ltd would use its best endeavours to retrieve your funds and the funds of other clients. However, if Supreme Option Ltd was not able to retrieve your funds it would have to source funds to match the amount in deficit.
18.3 Supreme Option Ltd has a comprehensive insurance policy in place to cover a variety of different scenarios some of which may assist in the repayment of deficits. However, if Supreme Option Ltd was not able to source these funds it could be that Supreme Option Ltd itself was insolvent and unable to provide financial services. You could therefore become an unsecured creditor to Supreme Option Ltd, as Supreme Option Ltd is to an insolvent hedging counterparty.
- Risk Capital
19.1 In cases where you are speculating we suggest that you do not risk more capital than you can afford to lose. A good general rule is never to speculate with money which, if lost, would alter your standard of living.
- Conflicts of Interest
20.1 We do not have any relationships or associations which might influence us in providing you with our services.
- Dispute Resolution
21.1 If you wish to make a complaint, you should contact the Managing Director of Supreme Option Ltd in the first instance.Supreme Option Ltd must comply with a Complaints Resolution. Supreme Option Ltd want to know about any problems or concerns you may have with our services, so we can take steps to resolve the issue. We have internal and external dispute resolution procedures to resolve complaints from clients. A copy of these procedures may be obtained by contacting us and requesting a copy.
Initially, all complaints will be handled and investigated internally. Should you feel dissatisfied with the outcome, you could escalate your concerns to an external body for a resolution.
If you have a complaint about the financial services provided to you, please take the following steps:
Contact Supreme Option Ltd (details below) to inform us about your complaint. You may do this by telephone, facsimile, email or letter.
Supreme Option Ltd, registration No. 24165 (“Supreme Option Ltd”)
Supreme Option Ltd: No. 6 Norfolk Place, Paddington London, W2 1QN Phone: +44207064715
Email: [email protected]